What leadership qualities do presidents in company think they need? We have analyzed data gathered from surveys and self-evaluations of 109 company presidents.
In the survey, we asked the presidents to choose three out of eight leadership qualities which they think they need. These qualities are "compelling messages", "directional clarity", "self-discipline", "accountability", "delivering on tasks", "change resilience", "interpersonal communication", and "development of others". We also asked them to self-evaluate each of these leadership qualities using a 7-point scoring scale. The results were divided into four groups as shown in Figure 1.
So now let us look through each of the groups.
Group A: Presidents rated their own leadership high and felt a strong need in "change resilience". This was chosen the most among the eight leadership qualities. We can learn from the results that presidents believed change resilience can be enhanced further even though they already have this quality.
Group B: Presidents rated their own leadership low but still felt a strong need in "development of others", "compelling messages", "interpersonal communication" and "directional clarity", all of which are qualities involving interaction with other people in the organization.
Group C: Presidents in this group rated themselves high in "accountability" and "self-discipline" and felt that there was no need for further improvement.
Group D: Presidents in this group rated themselves low and also felt less need for "delivering on tasks" compared to other leadership qualities.
In order to see whether the trends above reflect the characteristics of a company leader, we have also asked 650 managers to do the same. The results showed that "interpersonal communication" was the only leadership quality which turned out to be different. Both presidents and managers felt there was a need to further improve communication with their direct reports, but the difference was that managers rated themselves higher than the presidents. This may be a sign that presidents struggle to balance their responsibility as the leader of the organization and to effectively communicate with other people in the organization.
In conclusion, presidents want to further enhance their resilience to change and felt there were still issues on interpersonal communication, especially when compared to managers in the organization.
- No. of Samples：
- 109 company presidents, 650 managers who responded to the “Leadership Assessment”
- December 2012 - March 2015
- Survey method：
- Web-based survey
- Survey tool：
Leadership Assessment (LA) (“Leadership” categories)
・Leaders chose three out of eight leadership qualities which they thought they needed
・Leaders’ self-evaluation on their own leadership (53 question items based on 8 leadership qualities, 7-point scoring scale)